Main Skid Road
Main Skid Road

Freshly cut skid road with reduced grade down a steep bank.

Invasive Vegetation Control
Invasive Vegetation Control

Herbacides used to eliminate Beech that was overtaking the stand.

Timber Stand Improvement
Timber Stand Improvement

Thinned out White Pine stand.

Timber Stand Improvement
Timber Stand Improvement

Straighter White Pines spaced out and left to grow.

Skidder Bridge
Skidder Bridge

Built from logs on-site.

Marking Timber
Marking Timber

Timber is marked so Loggers can identify which trees have been selected for harvest

Log Skidder -- Jewett, NY
Log Skidder -- Jewett, NY

Skidders are used to pull trees from the forest after they have been cut down

Navigation
Navigation

Using a compass and a wide variety of maps makes it possible to identify property lines and boundaries.

Measuring
Measuring

In addition to being marked each tree is measured to estimate the volume of board footage

Marking
Marking

Two horizontal stripes indicate a boundary or edge of a cutting area

Flagging Boundary
Flagging Boundary

Woodland boundaries will be flagged or painted

locating boundary
locating boundary
Looking up
Looking up

If a tree is selected there are many factors to be considered when determining volume. Height, diameter and crown canopy are among these factors

Tallying
Tallying

Each tree is logged on a tally sheet to ensure an accurate count of timber selected for harvest

Marking Timber
Marking Timber
Timber Cruising
Timber Cruising

Prism Point samples are taken to determine forest density

Diameter Tape
Diameter Tape

When a tree is of exceptional size a diameter tape is used to ensure accuracy

Flagging Boundary
Flagging Boundary
Repurposed flatbed trailer bridge
Repurposed flatbed trailer bridge

Making a bridge out of a repurposed flat bed trailer is an effective way to cross a stream or creek with very little impact on the ecosystem

Marking Timber
Marking Timber
Landing Site -- Hunter, NY
Landing Site -- Hunter, NY
Large Red Oak Tree
Large Red Oak Tree
Examining Quality
Examining Quality
Measuring the tree
Measuring the tree

Using a scale stick is an efficient and accurate way of measuring the height and diameter of a tree

Three wheel mechanical harvester
Three wheel mechanical harvester
Timber Cruising
Timber Cruising

Prism Point samples are taken to determine forest density

Marking
Marking
Logs being skidded to landing
Logs being skidded to landing
Diameter Tape
Diameter Tape

When a tree is of exceptional size a diameter tape is used to ensure accuracy

Feller Buncher
Feller Buncher

This machine enables a logger to harvest timber safely and efficiently

Checking the Tree
Checking the Tree

The quality of lumber in a tree can sometimes be determined by visible signs at the base of a tree

Flagging Boundary
Flagging Boundary
Refilling the paint gun
Refilling the paint gun

The paint is applied to the trees using a heavy duty spray gun. It is not uncommon for an individual to use a gallon of paint in a single day of marking timber.

Timber Cruising
Timber Cruising

Using Prism Point Sampling

Selectively marked woodland
Selectively marked woodland
Timber Cruising
Timber Cruising

A Prism Point sampling plot taken in a previously thinned forest stand

Timber Cruising
Timber Cruising

Samples of the forest must be spaced out randomly throughout a woodland to ensure an accurate and unbiased measurement of the forest

Corduroy log stream crossing
Corduroy log stream crossing

Many logs will be laid parallel to each other to bridge a small stream or solidify the ground where a skidder would otherwise rut out the road

Selectively marked woodland
Selectively marked woodland